At the laboratory scale, photocatalysis is a promising method to convert many air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds, to safer products for human health but also environmentally more acceptable, such as nitrate and carbon dioxide. Indoor and industrial applications of photocatalysis to remove local air pollutants from the atmosphere are now numerous. Large scale outdoor applications of photocatalysis started with self-cleaning glass, coatings and paints for buildings, and several outdoor experiments have been documented regarding the photocatalytic reduction of NOx levels in urban environment, such as tunnels, streets and highways. The potential applications of photocatalysis, to remove or mitigate a wide range of global warming contributors from the atmosphere, seem an attractive method to help fighting climate change. By harnessing solar energy, photocatalytic processes consume less energy than conventional methods. This review article shows that photocatalysis may be applied successfully to eliminate or transform of all major long-lived well mixed greenhouse gases, but also soot and tropospheric ozone and other short-lived climate forcers. The cases of sulphur hexafluoride and nitrogen trifluoride are also discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Greenhouse gases removal
- Climate forcers elimination
- Global warming reduction
- VOLATILE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS
- TITANIUM-DIOXIDE PHOTOCATALYSTS
- CONTAINING ZSM-5 CATALYST
- HETEROGENEOUS PHOTOCATALYSIS
- TOTAL OXIDATION
- AIR PURIFICATION
[de Richter, Renaud; Caillol, Sylvain] Ecole Natl Super Chim Montpellier, Inst Charles Gerhardt Montpellier, UMR5253, CNRS,UM2,ENSCM,UM1, F-34296 Montpellier 5, France
de Richter, R (reprint author), Ecole Natl Super Chim Montpellier, Inst Charles Gerhardt Montpellier, UMR5253, CNRS,UM2,ENSCM,UM1, 8 Rue Ecole Normale, F-34296 Montpellier 5, France.
- Institut de chimie moléculaire et des matériaux - Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier (ICGM), UMR5253