Recent strategies to sustain fish stocks have Suggested a move towards an ecosystem based fisheries management (EBFM) approach. While EBFM considers the effect of fishing at the ecosystem level, it generally struggles with climate-driven environmental variability, In this Study we show that the position of a fish stock within its distributional range or thermal niche (we use Icelandic and North Sea cod as examples of stocks at the centre and edge of their niche, respectively) will influence the relative importance of fishing and climate on abundance. At the warmer edge of the thermal niche of cod in the North Sea, we show a prominent influence of climate oil the cod stock that is mediated through temperature effects on the plankton. In contrast, the influence of climate through its effects on plankton appears much less important at the present centre of the niche around Iceland. Recognising the potentially strong effect. of climate on fish stocks, at a time of rapid global climate change, is probably an important prerequisite towards the synthesis of a cod management strategy.
[Beaugrand, Gregory] Univ Sci & Technol Lille, CNRS, LOG, UMR 8187, F-62930 Wimereux, France; [Beaugrand, Gregory; Kirby, Richard R.] Sir Alister Hardy Fdn Ocean Sci, The Laboratory, Plymouth PL1 2PB, Devon, England; [Kirby, Richard R.] Univ Plymouth, Sch Marine Sci & Engn, Plymouth PL4 8AA, Devon, England
Beaugrand, G (reprint author), Univ Sci & Technol Lille, CNRS, LOG, UMR 8187, 1 BP 80, F-62930 Wimereux, France.