Hybrid vigour may help overcome the negative effects of climate change in rice. A popular rice hybrid (IR75217H), a heat-tolerant check (N22), and a mega-variety (IR64) were tested for tolerance of seed-set and grain quality to high-temperature stress at anthesis at ambient and elevated [CO2]. Under an ambient air temperature of 29 degrees C (tissue temperature 28.3 degrees C), elevated [CO2] increased vegetative and reproductive growth, including seed yield in all three genotypes. Seed-set was reduced by high temperature in all three genotypes, with the hybrid and IR64 equally affected and twice as sensitive as the tolerant cultivar N22. No interaction occurred between temperature and [CO2] for seed-set. The hybrid had significantly more anthesed spikelets at all temperatures than IR64 and at 29 degrees C this resulted in a large yield advantage. At 35 degrees C (tissue temperature 32.9 degrees C) the hybrid had a higher seed yield than 11464 due to the higher spikelet number, but at 38 degrees C (tissue temperature 34-35 degrees C) there was no yield advantage. Grain gel consistency in the hybrid and IR64 was reduced by high temperatures only at elevated [CO2], while the percentage of broken grains increased from 10% at 29 degrees C to 35% at 38 degrees C in the hybrid. It is concluded that seed-set of hybrids is susceptible to short episodes of high temperature during anthesis, but that at intermediate tissue temperatures of 32.9 degrees C higher spikelet number (yield potential) of the hybrid can compensate to some extent. If the heat tolerance from N22 or other tolerant donors could be transferred into hybrids, yield could be maintained under the higher temperatures predicted with climate change.
- ORYZA-SATIVA L.
- SINGLE-NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM
- ATMOSPHERIC CARBON-DIOXIDE
- ENRICHMENT FACE
- SPIKELET FERTILITY
- NIGHT TEMPERATURE
- FIELD CONDITIONS
- STARCH SYNTHASE
- HEAT TOLERANCE
[Madan, P.; Jagadish, S. V. K.; Craufurd, P. Q.; Wheeler, T. R.] Univ Reading, Plant Environm Lab, Reading RG2 9AF, Berks, England; [Madan, P.] Indian Agr Res Inst, Div Plant Physiol, New Delhi 110012, India; [Jagadish, S. V. K.] Int Rice Res Inst, Plant Breeding Genet & Biotechnol Div, Manila, Philippines; [Craufurd, P. Q.] Int Crops Res Inst Semi Arid Trop, Patancheru 502324, Andhra Pradesh, India; [Fitzgerald, M.] Int Rice Res Inst, Grain Qual Nutr & Postharvest Ctr, Manila, Philippines; [Lafarge, T.] Int Rice Res Inst, Crop & Environm Sci Div, Manila, Philippines; [Lafarge, T.] CIRAD, UMR AGAP, F-34398 Montpellier, France
Wheeler, TR (reprint author), Univ Reading, Plant Environm Lab, Cutbush Lane, Reading RG2 9AF, Berks, England.